Used as far back as the sixth century, seitan is a low-carb, low-fat, protein-packed, meat-alternative derived from wheat. Perhaps you’ve seen bags of wheat gluten in the baking section of your local grocery store? That powder, which is the protein part of what, is what seitan is made of. Of course, if you have a gluten allergy, you could not eat seitan.
Cooking with Seitan
You can find it frequently used in dishes in Asian restaurants, and it’s the base of many meat-alternative products produced commercially. When cooked, it takes on a firm, chewy texture that is very similar to meat, making it an excellent substitute (as long as you’re gluten-tolerant). Another reason it makes such a great meat-alternative is that a ¼ cup serving contains 15 grams of protein!
As far as how it tastes, if it’s unflavored, it’s mildly savory. Some say it’s similar to bland chicken or mild mushrooms. Much like tofu or tempeh, it will take on the flavor of whatever it’s cooked in. The appeal to using seitan, rather than tofu or tempeh, is that its texture is much more like meat than the others. Further, it can be very affordable and is relatively easy to prepare.
In terms of preparation, you can buy it either pre-made or as powered wheat gluten. The pre-made kinds are very convenient. You will find it unflavored as well as pre-seasoned in various ways. It also comes in different forms, such as cubed, sliced, or ground.
No matter the form you buy, there’s no need to press or drain pre-packaged seitan, nor do you need to marinate it for long periods of time. It soaks up the flavor of whatever sauce you’re using in your dish very easily.
How to Use Store-Bought seitan
You’ll find pre-made seitan in the refrigerated section of the grocery store. This form is very easy to use – you simply dice it or slice it into whatever size pieces you’re looking for, throw it in a frying pan with a little bit of water, broth, or oil, and cook it over medium heat for a few minutes. If adding to a dish like chili, stir-fry, or stew, treat it as if it were cooked meat. It won’t need a lot of time to take on the flavor of the dish.
If you’re looking to be a bit more adventurous, give homemade seitan a try. Grab a bag of vital wheat gluten from the store (Bob’s Red Mill brand, for example) and follow a simple recipe, like this one from Bob’s Red Mill.
Basic Seitan Recipe
Makes 12 servings
- 2 cups vital wheat gluten
- 1 tsp onion powder
- 1 tsp marjoram
- 2 cups of water
- Vegetable stock
- 2 Tbl tamari (vegan soy sauce)
- 6 cups of water
- 2 Tbl molasses
- In a saucepan, bring the broth ingredients to a boil then lower the temperature to just under boiling.
- In a separate bowl, mix together the gluten flour and spices. Add 2 cups of water to the mixture and stir until it becomes a sponge-like dough. This should not be excessively wet.
- Knead the dough about two minutes to make the dough a little tougher and more elastic. If it’s too sticky, add a little more wheat gluten and knead again to incorporate.
- Cut into 2 x 2-inch pieces and place into the broth. Some people like to wrap their seitan, but it’s not necessary unless you want a specific shape like a sausage. Cook in broth for about 45 minutes to one hour.
- Drain and cut up seitan for stir-fry, sandwiches, stews and more.